Category Archives: English

Look for one article to summarize The article may be in a journal, magazine, newspaper, or material from a credible web site

Assignment 3: Summary

In this assignment you will look for one article to summarize. The article may be in a journal, magazine, newspaper, or material from a credible web site. The article must be in English and be prepared to defend the credibility of the source. Locate a publication you think will give you information that will be helpful in your final project report. You will have to locate more than one article and select the best one. The publications you can use for this short project should run at least 1200 words. Please hand a copy of the article with its references with your final draft.

Your summary will be exactly 250 words. It will do the following:

  • identify the author, the name of the article, and the date and place of publication,
  • identify the main idea/argument/position/assumption of the author,
  • identify the purpose of the article
  • identify key supporting ideas,
  • be direct, concise, objective, and neutral,
  • discuss the article from an “outsider’s” perspective,
  • use your OWN words,
  • cover all main points of the article
  • keep the reader informed through attributive tags (such as according to Jones… or Jones argues that… or The author explains that…) that you are expressing someone else’s ideas,
  • be a unified, focused, and coherent piece of writing!

READING FOR RHETORICAL CONTEXT Critical Readers have a keen interest in the rhetorical context of the text. When we speak of rhetoric, we mean the author’s use for language for an intended effect

English 1130


Critical Readers have a keen interest in the rhetorical context of the text.  When we speak of rhetoric, we mean the author’s use for language for an intended effect. An important word here is intended. Both writing and reading are intentional. They are deliberate actions, guided by a purpose.

Rhetorical context: author’s purpose, author’s intended audience, circumstances of production, author’s position toward other texts, the larger conversation.

When you do a close reading of the text focusing on its content, genre, organization, and stylistic features, you perform a textual analysis. Another type of analysis is also important: rhetorical analysis. Rhetorical analysis examines the author’s purpose and motivation for writing the text, the intended audience, the circumstances surrounding the text’s production, the author’s position toward other writers and other texts, and the larger conversation of which the text is part. It also explores how the author’s choice of genre, organizational structure, and stylistic features advances his/her purpose. To perform a rhetorical analysis, ask yourself the questions in the box below.



·         What is the author’s purpose? What do I perceive as the effect the author intends to have on the audience? What role does the author assume in relation to the audience?

·         What do I know about the author’s credibility and background?

·         How does the choice of genre, organizational structure, and stylistic features advance the author’s purpose?

·         For whom is the author writing? In what type of publication – scholarly journal, popular magazine, local or national newspaper – was the text first published? In what type of publication might you think it would be published? Who might read this publication?

·         In what year was the text published? What was on people’s minds? Is the text current or dated?

·         What feeling, event, phenomenon, circumstance, or social practice prompted the author to write the text?

·         How is the author drawing on other writers and other texts> How does he/she view what others have said about the topic?

You can answer some of these questions by drawing inferences from the text itself. Other questions require you to undertake research.

Equally important as the environment in which the author writes the text is the environment in which the reader receives it. You also need to consider the rhetorical context of the act of readingthe reader’s purpose and the circumstances surrounding the reading.


Read the below essay, “Why We Need to Understand Science,” 1989, Carl Sagan, Parade Magazine. Assess the essay utilizing the “Questions for Analyzing the Rhetorical Context of Texts” (box on previous page).

Solutions to Questions in English

Annotated Bibliography

Follow the directions below for the completion of the Annotated Bibliography assignment.

Purpose: The purpose of the annotated bibliography is to summarize the sources that you have gathered to support your research proposal project. These summaries help you to think about the complex arguments presented in your sources.

In this assignment, you will create an annotated bibliography consisting of seven sources. Each entry will consist of a reference list citation, a summary of the source’s information, and a one-sentence assessment. Each annotation should be between 150 to 200 words. If an entry is shorter than 150 words, it is likely you have not fully developed your summary, and this lack of development can severely impact your grade for this assignment.

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Discussion board question

You are articulating your project for the first time in this unit. What do you think about the process of creating a project so far? Have you found it difficult or appropriately challenging? What are some of the things that you have learned so far about the process and about yourself as a researcher?

If you could go back in time to a few weeks ago, what are some of the things you know today that you would tell yourself? In other words, what are some of the key lessons you have learned? Similarly, what have you learned in researching that has made your process easier? Share these methods with your classmates; you never know whom you might help!

Alternatively, you have been deeply situated in your research for the past few units. What have you learned about your topic that you did not know before? What do you find fascinating? What advice would you like to share with your classmates?

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Select a position that you might like to apply for from a career search website of your choosing. This can be a job that you are qualified for now or will be qualified for after earning your degree.

Refer to Ch. 11 of Workplace Writing and choose either a reverse chronological resume or a functional resume depending on your work-history situation.

Create a one- to two-page resume for this job. Your resume should be formatted consistently by using the same type face, font, and headings. Use clear writing.

Include the following sections as appropriate:

  • Name and contact information
  • Career objectives
  • Summary of qualifications
  • Education
  • Experience
  • Honors and awards
  • Individualized activities

Refer to the University Career Services website to help shape your resume. You may also view templates for resumes from Microsoft Word and any examples used in this course. Be ethical in your use of outside resources. Refer to the section entitled “Practice Resume Ethics” (p. 316) in Ch. 11 of Workplace Writing for additional help.

Write a one-page cover letter to accompany your resume.

In addition, you may assume you have also interviewed for this position.

Write a one-page follow-up letter.

Submit your resume, cover letter, and follow-up letter as a Microsoft Word document to the Assignment files tab.





Essay on change of workplace

Write a 350- to 700-word persuasive e-mail in a Microsoft Word document to a manager or coworker requesting a change to the workplace. You may select from one of the following possible topics:

  • Workplace modification or resource
  • Change in direction on a project
  • Requesting a promotion
  • Recommendations for reductions in workplace waste or money-saving opportunities
  • Requesting to hire a new worker
  • Another topic as approved by your instructor



Write a 1- to 2-page formal letter or memo in which you communicate a negative message. You may select from one of the following scenarios:

  • Tell your investors or employees about a recent decrease in your company’s stock value.
  • Inform employees of a coming round of layoffs at your place of business.
  • Communicate displeasure with a business’ or vendor’s work practices or product.
  • Inform a customer that you are unable to refund his or her money or accept a returned product.



Write a 175- to 350-word personal code of conduct listing and discuss how you apply the principles that guide your communication as a student or as an employee at a company you work for or for whom you have worked. Demonstrate the characteristics of good writing, and revise as necessary.



Concept paper

In the Explaining a Concept Paper, you will simply want to explain a concept of your choice, using research to support your explanations/definitions.  This paper should be at least 4 pages long (or least 1000-1500 words, not including the final Works Cited), it should include at least two sources, and it should accomplish the following:

*Inform your particular audience about a specific subject.

*Present information confidently and efficiently.

*Use established information for support, as well as personal “evidence” (if applicable) such as short anecdotes and examples from your own experience, or the experience of others.

*Maintain an informative tone (not an argumentative tone, as this is not an argumentative or persuasive paper).




Solutions to Questions in Technical Writing


Create a one-page newsletter for your employer, an organization to which you belong, or a city that you know well. To help you organize the layout for your newsletter, examine the page grids on pages in the textbook. The textbook also contains several “Tech tips” that will help you create this document in Microsoft word. Your content can include information about recent events, significant people, or future activities. Your content can be fictional.

Your newsletter should follow these guidelines:

  • Include at least one image
  • Include at least one table/chart/graph that demonstrates numerical information
  • Have a minimum of three different stories

Your newsletter does not need a title page, and it does not have to be formatted in APA style. It needs to be at least one page in length. References are not required for this assignment.





Social Network


Write an essay in which you take a side on an issue. Introduce/define the issue in the first paragraph or two of the essay as you work toward your

thesis, which should be a declarative statement of the side you are taking on the issue. In the body paragraphs following the introduction, offer

support for your thesis (your point of view) by providing evidence in the form of the history of the issue, facts, statistics, expert and/or personal

opinion, etc., demonstrating that your viewpoint has merit. Other body paragraphs should be used to counter your own viewpoint, offering the “they

say” or “naysayers” point of view: again, through the use of facts, statistics, expert and/or personal opinion, etc. Follow the counterargument(s)

with a rebuttal paragraph, in which you dismantle or show the weaknesses of the counter claims. Finally, construct a conclusion to the essay by

reminding the reader of your thesis or main point, summarizing the evidence you have offered to support your viewpoint, and perhaps even offering one

final piece of support for your thesis. Use similar terminology in the conclusion and the introduction to help the reader form a dominant image of

the argument you are advancing, and try to create a connection between the conclusion and the title of the essay, which should be applied after you

have completed the essay.

Use of Secondary Sources
As mentioned above, you must incorporate two secondary sources into your discussion. By the way, Spark Notes, Wikipedia or any version of the

dictionary may not be considered a secondary source. You must find books, book chapters, essays, online websites, blogs, newspaperor journal articles

written about the topic you are discussing, or verifiable facts and statistics from reputable organizations.Personal interviews may serve as

secondary sources as well.


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